What is 5G?
5G is the fifth generation of cellular networks, bringing new capabilities that will create opportunities for people, businesses, and society. All wireless devices use electromagnetic spectrum radio frequencies in order to transmit information. WiFi routers, for example, occupy a range of bands from 900 MHz to 60 GHz. The higher the frequency, the faster the information can be transmitted.
What is 5G capable of?
5G will do much more than significantly improve your network connection. It provides new opportunities, enabling us to deliver groundbreaking solutions that reach across society.
Imagine billions of connected devices gathering and sharing information in real time to reduce road accidents; or life-saving applications that can take flight thanks to lag-free guaranteed connections; or production lines so predictive they can prevent interruptions well before they occur.
5G opens cutting-edge ways of improving safety and sustainability.
- Smarter electricity grids for greatly reduced carbon emissions
- More connected vehicles sharing data to prevent road collisions
- Faster deployment of emergency services to accidents
- Connected sensors that can detect and warn of natural disasters early
- Drones becoming a key tool to accelerate and support emergency situation response
- Remote expertise with specialists smoothly consulting/diagnosing patients elsewhere
5G runs on the same radio frequencies that are currently being used for your smartphone, on Wi-Fi networks and in satellite communications, but it enables technology to go a lot further.
Beyond being able to download a full-length HD movie to your phone in seconds (even from a crowded stadium), 5G is really about connecting things everywhere – reliably, without lag – so people can measure, understand and manage things in real-time.
5G Ultra Wideband represents a massive upscaling of network technology. It will provide data transfer rates faster than a blink of an eye, high bandwidth and greater opportunities for connectivity.
In the educational sector, 5G could help in delivering solutions to children who might not have quality education otherwise. 5G also offering the opportunity to access the technology at the same and the rest of the world.
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The Environmental Impact of 5G Energy Consumption
Another major concern regarding the environmental impact of 5G is how much energy it will consume. So far, U.S. telecoms use around 31 million megawatt-hours of electricity annually, roughly equal to the electricity consumed annually by 2.6 million U.S. homes (or about the number of households in Indiana).
5G is expected to consume up to three times the energy it takes to power the LTE networks, Spectrum since cases require more power-hungry base stations to ensure full coverage. This has grim implications. Much of the United States still depends on emissions-heavy fossil fuels like coal and natural gas for its electricity.
This has led some service providers, to commit to an energy-efficient 5G network deployment that relies on alternative, renewable energy sources, and that uses software-defined 5G architecture to make data storage and delivery more efficient through provisioning and dynamic routing.